Ten Ways Eugene Peterson Shaped My Pastoral Ministry

peterson-square1My first introduction to the work of Eugene Peterson was through one of my college roommates, who often read from Peterson’s paraphrase of Scripture, The Message. In his own idiosyncratic style, Peterson’s work with the words of Scripture helped me remember God’s word was a relational word to us here and now. Roughly five years later, one of my mentors, Dr. Lyle Dorsett, introduced me to Peterson’s works on pastoral ministry, often referred to as Eugene Peterson’s Pastoral Library. Those works helped me ponder pastoral ministry in a deeper way than I had before. Since that time, I have continued to read and interact with Peterson’s work in ways that have deeply shaped my approach to pastoral ministry.

When the family of Eugene Peterson announced that he passed away on Monday after entering into hospice care recently, I took time to reflect on how he shaped my own approach to vocation as a pastor. Although I never met him, Eugene Peterson significant impacted my life as a pastor. What I have tried to do below is share ten specific ways Eugene Peterson shaped my pastoral ministry.

  1. The Pastor works with the word. Both through his work on The Message and his approach to writing other books that I read Eugene Peterson taught me that pastoral ministry is primarily about working with the word of God. Looking through Peterson’s works, you will quickly realize that most of his efforts are direct treatments of books of the Bible, whether Jeremiah, the Psalms, or Ephesians. “Scripture is at hand for those who will use it, foundation stones upon which a better pastoral work can be constructed” (Five Smooth Stones for Pastoral Work 11).
  2. The Pastor is shaped by the word. Unfortunately, sometimes as we work with the word, we fail to let the word work on us. Peterson knew this, so he made it clear that the pastor must be shaped by the word personally and deeply. In his outstanding book, Eat This Book, Peterson outlines the simple yet profound truth that the we must not only read Scripture informationally but engage more deeply by “reading the Scripture formatively, reading in order to live” (xi).
  3. The Pastor prays. Of all the things that a pastor could be about, prayer seems essential. Still, it is the unfortunate testimony of too many pastors that prayer falls to the wayside in the midst of meetings, strategies, committees, and writing sermons. In Working the Angles: The Shape of Pastoral Integrity, Peterson writes: “The inner action of prayer takes precedence over the outer action of proclamation. The implication of this for pastoral work is plain: it begins in prayer” (40).
  4. The Pastor preaches. In one of his last books, a collection of sermons entitled As Kingfishers Catch Fire, Peterson reveals that early in his twenty-nine-year pastorate at Bel Air Presbyterian, he quickly realized that he did not know how to preach. Citing the influence of a lecture by Paul Tournier and a poem by Gerard Manley Hopkins, Peterson writes: “I finally started to get it: preaching is the weekly verbal witness to this essential congruence of what Christ is with his work that ‘plays’ in us….Not ideas, not goals, not principles, nothing abstract or disembodied, but the good news of the ‘Word . . . made flesh’ (John 1:14)” (xix).
  5. The Pastor reads. One of my favorite books by Peterson, though perhaps not as well-known as others, is Take and Read: Spiritual Reading: An Annotated List. This book is Peterson’s personal annotated bibliography of recommended reading on topics from prayer to commentaries, poetry to history. You cannot read Peterson’s work without understanding he read widely, and it informed the way he approached ministry, understood the world, and interacted with people. Pastoral ministry is fueled by reading, but not just reading alone. It is fueled by thoughtful and well-chosen reading.
  6. The Pastor as spiritual director. Peterson was the first who helped me step outside of the realm of counseling to recover the lost art of spiritual direction for pastoral ministry. “Spiritual direction takes place when two people agree to give their full attention to what God is doing in one (or both) of their lives and seek to respond in faith” (Working the Angles 150). As a spiritual director, the pastor helps another person pay attention to the everyday areas of their life, listening for God’s word to them, with a discernment that derives “out of a life immersed in the pursuit of holiness” (160). The pastor is less concerned with helping someone find the answer they want, and is more concerned with helping them find the God they need.
  7. The pastor as poet. In one of his lesser known works, Holy Luck, Eugene Peterson assembles a small collection of his own poetry. These had leaked out in other works before, but it was a glimpse at the connection between poetic work with words and pastoral work with words. As he wrote elsewhere: “In subtle ways, being a pastor subjects our word to corruption. That is why it is important to frequent the company of a poet friend . . . a person who cares about words and is honest with them, who respects and honors their sheer overwhelming power” (The Contemplative Pastor 156). Like a good poet, pastors take care with their words.
  8. The pastor as theologian. I love the way Peterson describes his recommendation to read Calvin’s Institutes: “Spirituality includes the mind—the thinking mind, attempting to follow and respond to the mind of God as well as his heart. Calvin’s heart was on fire, but his mind was clear. This is some of the keenest theology ever written, but written, every word of it, by a pastor in the middle of a parish of rather unruly sinner-Christians” (Take and Read 5). The pastor must be a clear thinker to bring the heart and mind of God into the lives of everyday people in their unruly, workaday lives.
  9. The pastor whose imagination is on fire. In two different works, Reversed Thunder and The Contemplative Pastor, Peterson links together St. John’s visions in Revelation with the dynamics of pastoral ministry. “How can I avoid metamorphosis from the holy vocation of pastor into a promising career in religious sales? Here is a way: submit my imagination to St. John’s apocalypse—the crisis of the End combined with the urgencies of God—and let the energies of the apocalyptic define and shape me as a pastor” (The Contemplative Pastor 41-42). The pastor without an imagination is a pastor without creativity and likely one who cannot minister well to another. The pastor must let God split our heads open wide that we might see anew with apocalyptic eyes and hear the world with apocalyptic ears.
  10. The pastor who perseveres. A Long Obedience in the Same Direction is still probably my favorite book by Eugene Peterson. Stealing his title from nihilist philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, Peterson baptizes the reader into a pilgrim faith through the water of the Psalms of Ascent. “It is not difficult in such a world to get a person interested in the message of the gospel,” he writes, “it is terrifically difficult to sustain the interest” (16).

And so, the pilgrim pastor, who shepherded so many of us under-shepherds, has now passed through the valley of death’s shadow and entered into the green pastures and still waters found in our Heavenly Father’s presence. May God be so gracious as to help us pastors still here to sustain our own pilgrim faith until we join Eugene Peterson in the presence of God ourselves.

Reading Scripture for Transformation (pt 3)

Here is a brief overview of the form of lectio divina. There are four Latin words that outline the movements of lectio divina: lectio (reading), meditatio (meditation), oratio (prayer), and contemplatio (contemplation).

Reading (lectio)

Find a quiet place where you will not be distracted by what’s around you or what’s not around you. Find a helpful time in your day when you will not be distracted by sleepiness, what’s next, or your stomach’s rumblings. Read the words of the Scripture slowly one time – maybe even out loud. Stop, and read the words once more at a slower pace. Restfully, quietly let those words sink in. Don’t move on until you’ve really heard and listened to the words of the Scripture.

 

Meditation (meditatio)

Chew on the words that you have read a bit. Ponder them. Let God bring something to the forefront of your mind. That’s what meditation is all about. What word or phrase is God drawing out from these words specifically for you? Let that word or phrase resonate in your mind. What does it make you feel or think? Stop here and let the word or phrase sink in. Don’t rush into the next step. Slow down.

Prayer (oratio)

The primary way to think of prayer in this setting is as conversation. God has drawn something out – spoken something – for you. Now, talk with Him about that word or phrase that He has brought to your mind. Ask Him why He is lodging it in your mind today. Maybe it is unsettling. Let Him know that it is unsettling and speak honestly to Him about it. Maybe it is comforting. Speak to Him about the words of comfort. Finally, ask Him what He wants you to do with it today. “Lord, what do you want me to do with what You have given me today?” Continue the conversation. Listen.

Contemplation (contemplatio)

At its core, contemplation is considering what you have heard from God and then being still within that. Rest in what God is speaking to you. Simply sit still and think about how it should impact your real life. One helpful practice you could begin would be to have a journal in which you record what you experience each time you read the Scriptures in this way. Perhaps you could share it with someone today, whether that is a close friend or your small group. Above all, act on what God has spoken to you.

Take some time in prayer to slowly draw out of your encounter with God. Again, slow down and do not rush. Also don’t forget to thank Him for the time you have shared together.

If you’d like to read more about lectio divina, you could take a look at  Eugene Peterson’s book entitled Eat This Book (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2006).